Dragino dry contact/open-close sensor CPN01

The Dragino CPN01 is a NB-IoT Dry Contact Sensor.

It detects open/close status and uplinks the info to IoT server via NB-IoT network. User can see the dry contact status, open time, and open counts in the IoT Server.

The CPN01 will send periodically data every day as well as for each dry contact action. It also counts the contact open times and calculates the last open duration. Users can also disable the uplink for each Open/Close event, instead, device can count each open event and uplink periodically.

CPN01 has Open-Alarm feature, user can set this feature so CPN01 will send an alarm if the contact has been open exceeds a certain time.

CPN01 is designed for outdoor use. It has a weatherproof enclosure and industrial-level battery to work in low to high temperatures.

It supports sending data through UDP, MQTT and COAP over NB-IoT.

Useful resources

Find here the useful resources:

Configuring the device

Register the device

The imei can be found on the top cover of the device, please register the device in your iotcreators project before attempting to connect the device to the network.


Register the device

Register device to IoT Creators

Opening the device

Connect the antenna to the device, then unscrew the four screws that hold the waterproof cover in place. This is the top view of the board:

Inserting the sim card

To mount the sim card into the sim card tray, unscrew the "modem removal screw" as showed above and insert the sim card.

Please be sure to insert the sim card as shown in this photo:

Connecting the device to a computer

To connect the device to a computer, you will need a usb to serial converter, which supports 3V3 or 5V logic. The logic voltage level can be selected with the "logic voltage switch" switch.


Set the correct voltage level

Please carefully setup the correct voltage level 3.3V according to your usb-to-serial converter. Failing to do so may unrecoverably damage your device!

You need 3 cables to connect the device to a serial monitor: GND (ground), TX (transmit) and RX (receive).

Just connect the PA3 of the dragino sensor serial COM to the TX of the usb-to-serial converter, the PA2 of the dragino sensor serial COM to the RX of the usb-to-serialconverter and the GND of the dragino sensor serial COM to the GND of the usb-to-serial converter.

Baudrate must be set to 9600 bps

First startup

To boot up the device, please set up the power on jumper as shown in section "Opening the device" to power on the device. Please make sure that the device is correctly attached to a computer.

Open your favourite serial monitor (for example: miniterm on linux or arduino serial monitor on windows) and the device will start to output info about its startup like so:

16:24:32.861 -> [12589]NBIOT has responded.
16:24:37.191 -> [16922]Echo mode turned off successfully.
16:24:39.123 -> [18868]Model information:BC95-GV.
16:24:40.458 -> [20206]The IMEI number is:<your_imei_here>.
16:24:41.824 -> [21554]The IMSI number is:<your_imsi_here>.
16:24:43.157 -> Currently set frequency band:1,3,5,8,20,28

If the imsi is correctly read, it means that the sim card has been correctly inserted.

Enter configuration mode

To enter configuration mode, just input the correct password, which for this device is 12345678.

Just input


And if the password is correct, the device will respond

16:53:09.872 -> [122884]Password Correct

You can set a custom device ID (the default will be the device imei) with command

AT+DEUI=<device_id> (15 bytes)

This means you are not able to enter at commands to configure the device.

Setting network parameters

You will need to configure the usual iotcreators parameters in order to attach the device to the iotcreators, APN, server address and port, protocol. In this guide i will use UDP since it is the simplest one.

To configure the protocol, in this case we will use plain UDP, just input:


To configure the APN (please take a look here to check the correct APN for your sim card, the one below is just an example) just input


To configure the device to send data to the iotcreators UDP server, just input


You can then restart the device with the reset button.The device will then try to attach to the network.

If the device fails to register to the network, thus you always receive signal strength indication = 99, it is likely that the device is not having enough time to register to it. In this case, you can issue command



Troubleshooting CSQ=99,99 error

Dragino hosts this page here to help you troubleshoot this issue.

To set the network registration timeout to 10 minutes, which should be sufficient to conenct to the network.

Sending data to iotcreators


Register the device

Remember to register the device before sending data to iotcreators, see chapter above.

The device will automatically send data at the specified interval of time. Such interval can be configured with command


You can immediately send collected data with command


Payload decoding

Uplink payload includes 123 bytes in total by default.

Each time the device uploads a data package, 8 sets of recorded data will be attached. Up to 32 sets of recorded data can be uploaded.

Size (bytes)822111113341334
ValueDevice IDBATVersionSignal StrengthMODCalculate flagContact statusAlarmTotal pulseLast open durationTimestampContact statusTotal pulseLast open durationTimestamp

The payload can be decoded as such, a payload example of:



  • Device ID: 0x f867787050213317 = f867787050213317
  • Version: 0x0064=100=1.0.0
  • BAT : 0x0c78 = 3192 mV = 3.192V
  • Signal: 0x17 = 23
  • Mod: 0x01 = 1
  • Calculate Flag: 0x00=0
  • Contact Status: 0x00=0
  • Alarm: 0x00 =0
  • Total pulse: 0x000009 =9
  • The last open duration: 0x000002 =2
  • Timestamp: 0x6315537b =1662342011 (Unix Time)
  • Contact Status, Total pulse,The last open duration ,Time stamp : 01 00000b 000026 63510fed
  • 8 sets of recorded data: Contact Status, Total pulse, The last open duration ,Time stamp : 0100000e00002663510f39,.......


Convert UNIX timestamps to human readable timestamps

You can convert UNIX timestamps to human readable timestamps with this online tool here for example.

Code example


Uplink decoder

See this example to decode your uplinks https://github.com/iotcreators/doclib-downloads/blob/master/device-integrations/Simple%20http%20application/src/decoders/dragino_cpn01.py

Forwarding data to your application endpoint

To forward data to your application endpoint, you can follow the user guide here:


Forwarding data

5: Forward message to application