Dragino leaf moisture sensor NLMS01

The Dragino NLMS01 is a NB-IOT Leaf Moisture Sensor for IoT of Agriculture.

It is designed to measure the leaf moisture and temperature, so to send to the platform to analyze the leaf status such as: watering, moisturizing, dew, frozen. The probe is IP67 waterproof.

NLMS01 detects leaf's moisture and temperature use FDR method, it senses the dielectric constant cause by liquid over the leaf surface, and cover the value to leaf moisture. The probe is design in a leaf shape to best simulate the real leaf characterizes.

The probe has as density as 15 leaf vein lines per centimeter which make it can senses small drop and more accuracy.

It supports sending data through UDP, MQTT and COAP over nb-iot.

Useful resources

Find here the useful resources:

Configuring the device

Register the device

The imei can be found on the top cover of the device, please register the device in your iotcreators project before attempting to connect the device to the network.


Register the device

Register device to IoT Creators

Opening the device

Connect the antenna to the device, then unscrew the four screws that hold the waterproof cover in place. This is the top view of the board:

Inserting the sim card

To mount the sim card into the sim card tray, unscrew the "modem removal screw" as showed above and insert the sim card.

Please be sure to insert the sim card as shown in this photo:

Connecting the device to a computer

To connect the device to a computer, you will need a usb to serial converter, which supports 3V3 or 5V logic. The logic voltage level can be selected with the "logic voltage switch" switch.


Set the correct voltage level

Please carefully setup the correct voltage level (3.3 or 5 volts) according to your usb-to-serial converter. Failing to do so may unrecoverably damage your device!

You need 3 cables to connect the device to a serial monitor: GND (ground), TX (transmit) and RX (receive).

Just connect the RX of the dragino sensor to the TX of the usb-to-serial converter, the TX of the dragino sensor to the RX of the usb-to-serialconverter and the GND of the dragino sensor to the GND of the usb-to-serial converter.

Baudrate must be set to 9600 bps

First startup

To boot up the device, please set up the power on jumper as shown in section "Opening the device" to power on the device. Please make sure that the device is correctly attached to a computer.

Open your favourite serial monitor (for example: miniterm on linux or arduino serial monitor on windows) and the device will start to output info about its startup like so:

16:24:32.861 -> [12589]NBIOT has responded.
16:24:37.191 -> [16922]Echo mode turned off successfully.
16:24:39.123 -> [18868]Model information:BC95-GV.
16:24:40.458 -> [20206]The IMEI number is:<your_imei_here>.
16:24:41.824 -> [21554]The IMSI number is:<your_imsi_here>.
16:24:43.157 -> Currently set frequency band:1,3,5,8,20,28

If the imsi is correctly read, it means that the sim card has been correctly inserted.

Enter configuration mode

To enter configuration mode, just input the correct password, which for this device is 12345678.

Just input


And if the password is correct, the device will respond

16:53:09.872 -> [122884]Password Correct

You can set a custom device ID (the default will be the device imei) with command

AT+DEUI=<device_id> (15 bytes)

This means you are not able to enter at commands to configure the device.

Setting network parameters

You will need to configure the usual iotcreators parameters in order to attach the device to the iotcreators, APN, server address and port, protocol. In this guide i will use UDP since it is the simplest one.

To configure the protocol, in this case we will use plain UDP, just input:


To configure the APN (please take a look here to check the correct APN for your sim card, the one below is just an example) just input


To configure the device to send data to the iotcreators UDP server, just input


You can then restart the device with the reset button.The device will then try to attach to the network.

If the device fails to register to the network, thus you always receive signal strength indication = 99, it is likely that the device is not having enough time to register to it. In this case, you can issue command



Troubleshooting CSQ=99,99 error

Dragino hosts this page here to help you troubleshoot this issue.

To set the network registration timeout to 10 minutes, which should be sufficient to conenct to the network.

Sending data to iotcreators


Register the device

Remember to register the device before sending data to iotcreators, see chapter above.

The device will automatically send data at the specified interval of time. Such interval can be configured with command


You can immediately send collected data with command


Payload decoding

Payload structure is as such, 87 bytes in total by default:

Size (bytes)8221112242241-32 group (8 bytes each)
ValueIMEIBATVersionSignalMODInterrupt flagLeaf moistureLeaf temperatureUNIX timestampLeaf temperatureLeaf moistureUNIX timestamp...

The payload can be decoded as such, a payload example of:



  • Device ID: 0xf868411056754138 = f868411056754138
  • Version: 0x0064=100=1.0.0
  • BAT: 0x0c78 = 3192 mV = 3.192V
  • Singal: 0x17 = 23
  • Mod: 0x01 = 1
  • Interrupt: 0x00= 0
  • Leaf moisture: 0x0225= 549 = 54.9%
  • Leaf Temperature: 0x010B =267=26.7 °C
  • Time stamp : 0x6315537b =1662342011 (Unix Epoch Time)
  • Leaf Temperature, Leaf moisture,Time stamp : 010b0226631550fb
  • 8 sets of recorded data: Leaf Temperature, Leaf moisture,Time stamp : 010e022663154d77,.......


Convert UNIX timestamps to human readable timestamps

You can convert UNIX timestamps to human readable timestamps with this online tool here for example.

Code example

Here you can find a code example on how to decode data from this device:


Uplink decoder


Forwarding data to your application endpoint

To forward data to your application endpoint, you can follow the user guide here:


Forwarding data

5: Forward message to application